21. Sadler, P.M., Sediment accumulation rates and the completeness of stratigraphic
sections, J. Geology 89( 5):569–584, 1981.
22. Bailey, R.J. and Smith, D.G., Scaling in stratigraphic data series: implications
for practical stratigraphy, First Break 10: 57–66, 2010.
23. Miall, A.D., Updating Uniformitarianism: Stratigraphy as just a set of ‘Frozen
Accidents’; in: Smith, D. G., Bailey, R.J., Burgess, P.M., and Fraser, A.J. (Eds.),
Strata and Time: Probing the Gaps in our Understanding, Special Publication 404,
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24. Oard, M.J., Hergenrather, J., and Klevberg, P., Flood transported quartzites—
east of the Rocky Mountains, J. Creation 19( 3): 76–90, 2005; Oard, M.J.,
Hergenrather, J., and Klevberg, P., Flood transported quartzites; part 4—diluvial
interpretations, J. Creation 21( 1): 86–91, 2007; Oard, M.J. and Klevberg, P., A
diluvial interpretation of the Cypress Hills Formation, Flaxville gravels, and
related deposits; in: Walsh, R. E. (Ed.), Proceedings of the Fourth International
Conference on Creationism, technical symposium sessions, Creation Science
Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA, pp. 421–436, 1998; Oard, M.J. and Klevberg,
P., Deposits remaining from the Genesis Flood: rim gravels in Arizona,
J. Creation 21( 1): 86–91, 2007.
25. Barnhart, W.R., Hurricane Katrina splay deposits: hydrodynamic constraints
on hyperconcentrated sedimentation and implications for the rock record,
Creation Research Society Quarterly 48( 2):123–146, 2011; Barnhart, W.R.,
A hydrodynamic interpretation of the Tapeats Sandstone, part I: basal Tapeats,
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hydrodynamic interpretation of the Tapeats Sandstone, part II: middle and upper
Tapeats, Creation Research Society Quarterly 49( 1): 19–42, 2012.
26. Austin, S.A., Nautiloid mass kill and burial event, Redwall Limestone (Lower
Mississippian), Grand Canyon Region, Arizona and Nevada; in: Ivey, R.L. (Ed.),
Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Creationism, Creation
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27. Lalomov, A.V., Flood geology of the Crimean Peninsula, part I: Tavrick
Formation, Creation Research Society Quarterly 38( 3): 118–124, 2001; Lalomov,
A. V., Flood geology of the Crimean Peninsula, part II: conglomerates and gravel
sandstones of the Demerdji Formation, Creation Research Society Quarterly
40( 1): 17–23, 2003; Lalomov, A.V., Turgarova, M.A., and Platenov, M., Research
of paleohydraulic conditions and determination of actual time of sedimentation
of Cambrian-Ordovician sandstones of St. Petersburg region, part II, Final
Report for 2005 ARCTUR (Moscow) and Lithological Department of Geological
Faculty of St. Petersburg State University, 2006.
28. Berthault, G., Sedimentological interpretation of the Tonto Group stratigraphy
(Grand Canyon Colorado River), Lithology and Mineral Resources 39( 5):480–484,
2004. See also, Berthault, G., Analysis of the main principles of stratigraphy
on the basis of experimental data, Lithology and Mineral Resources 37( 5):
29. Howe, G.F. and Froede Jr, C.R., The Haymond Formation boulder beds, Marathon
Basin, West Texas: theories on origins and catastrophism, Creation Research
Society Quarterly 37: 17–25, 1999. Froede Jr, C.R., Neogene sand-to-pebble
siliciclastic sediments on the Florida peninsula: sedimentary evidence in support
of the Genesis Flood, Creation Research Society Quarterly 42:229–240, 2006.
30. Sigler, R. and Wingerden, V., Submarine flow and slide deposits in the Kingston
Peak Formation, Kingston Range, Mojave Desert, CA: evidence for catastrophic
initiation of Noah’s Flood; in: Walsh, R.E. (Ed.), Proceedings of the Fourth
International Conference on Creationism, Creation Science Fellowship,
Pittsburgh, PA, pp. 487–501, 1998.
31. Oard, M.J., The Missoula Flood Controversy and the Genesis Flood, Creation
Research Society Books, Chino Valley, AZ, 2004.
32. Oard, M.J., The Great Missoula Flood: Modern Day Evidence for the Worldwide
Flood, Awesome Science Media, Canby, OR, 2014.
33. Oard, M.J., Origin of Appalachian geomorphology, Part I: erosion by retreating
Floodwater and the formation of the continental margin, Creation Research
Society Quarterly 48( 1): 33–48, 2011; Oard, M.J., Origin of Appalachian
geomorphology, Part II: surficial erosion surfaces, Creation Research
Society Quarterly 48( 2): 105–122, 2011; Oard, M.J., Origin of Appalachian
geomorphology, Part III: channelized erosion late in the Flood, Creation
Research Society Quarterly 48( 4):329–351, 2012.
34. Bailey, R.J. and Smith, D.G., Quantitative evidence for the fractal nature of
the stratigraphic record: results and implications, Proceedings Geological
Association 116:129–138, 2005.
35. Reed, J.K., Changing Paradigms in Stratigraphy, “A Quite Different Way of
Analysing the Record”, J. Creation 30( 1): 83–88, 2016; p. 87.
36. Reed, J.K., Toppling the Timescale, Part II: Unearthing the cornerstone, Creation
Research Society Quarterly 44( 4):256–263, 2008; p. 261.
37. From Reed, J.K., Rocks Aren’t Clocks, Creation Books Publishers, Powder
Springs, GA, 2013.
38. Baumgardner, J.R., Numerical modeling of the large-scale erosion, sediment
transport, and deposition processes of the Genesis Flood, Answers Research J. 9:
39. Oard, M.J. and Reed, J.K., How Noah’s Flood Shaped Our Earth, Creation Book
Publishers, Powder Springs, GA, 2017.
40. Hill, C., Davidson, G., Helble, T., and Ranney W. (Eds.), The Grand Canyon:
Monument to an Ancient Earth—Can Noah’s Flood Explain the Grand Canyon?
Kregel Publications, Tulsa, OK, 2016.
41. Hill et al., ref. 40, p. 85.
42. Hill et al., ref. 40, p. 99.
43. Hill et al., ref. 40, p. 102.
44. Personal observations of Oard.
45. Hill et al., ref. 40, p. 103.
46. Silvestru, E., The riddle of paleokarst solved, J. Creation 15( 3): 105–114, 2001.
47. Woodmorappe, J., More evidence against so-called paleokarst, J. Creation 15( 3):
48. Silvestru, ref. 46, p. 109.
49. Roth, A.A., ‘Flat gaps’ in sedimentary rock layers challenge long geologic ages,
J. Creation 23( 2): 76–81, 2009.
Michael J. Oard has an M.S. in atmospheric science
from the University of Washington and is now retired
after working as a meteorologist with the US National
Weather Service in Montana for 30 years. He is the
author of Frozen in Time, Ancient Ice Ages or Gigantic
Submarine Landslides?, Flood by Design, Dinosaur
Challenges and Mysteries, and Exploring Geology
with Mr. Hibb. He serves on the board of the Creation
John K. Reed earned B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees
in geology. He worked for several decades as a
professional geologist in industry and academia. In
1998, John became the geology editor of the Creation
Research Society Quarterly, and was subsequently
elected to the CRS Board of Directors. He has written
and edited numerous books and articles about creation
and natural history.