22. Williams, A. and Sarfati, J., Not at all like
a whale, Creation 24( 4): 20–22, 2005;
23. Grigg, R., Abandoned transitional forms,
Creation 33( 2): 12–15, 2011; creation.com/
24. Collins, F., The Language of Life, Free Press,
New York, p. 5, 2011.
25. Klinghoffer, D., On junk DNA claim, Francis
Collins walks it back, admitting ‘hubris’,
evolutionnews.org, 19 July 2016.
26. Carter, R.W., The slow, painful death of junk
DNA, J. Creation 23( 3): 12–13, 2009; creation.
27. Conrad, D.F., A high-resolution survey of
deletion polymorphism in the human genome,
Nature Genetics 38( 11): 75–81, 2006.
28. Hinch, A.G. et al., The landscape of
recombination in African Americans, Nature
29. Schiffles, S. and Durbin, R., Inferring human
population size and separation history from
multiple genome sequences, Nature Genetics
46( 8):919–927, 2014.
30. Nielsen, R. et al., Tracing the peopling of
the world through genomics, Nature 541( 14):
31. Halldórsson, B.V. et al., The rate of meiotic
gene conversion varies by sex and age, Nature
Genetics 48( 11):1377–1387, 2016.
32. Myers, S., Fefferman, C., and Patterson, N., Can
one learn history from the allelic spectrum?
Theoretical Population Biology 73:342–348,
33. Dilley, S., Nothing in biology makes sense
except in light of theology? Studies in History
and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical
Sciences 44:774–786, 2013.
34. Sarfati, J., Rats! A toothless argument for
evolution, Creation 24( 1): 45, 2001; creation.
35. I explained this deceit in an article, How to
Think, not What to Think, creation.com/how-to-think, 1 Nov 2016.
36. Tomkins, J. and Bergman, J., Incomplete lineage
sorting and other ‘rogue’ data fell the tree of life,
J. Creation 27( 3): 84–92, 2013; creation.com/
37. Demuth, J. P. et al., The evolution of mammalian
gene families, PLoS One 1( 1):e85, 2006.
38. Doyle, S., Cladistics, evolution and the fossils,
J. Creation 25( 2): 32–39, 2011; creation.com/
39. Woodmorappe, J., The non-transitions in
‘human evolution’—on evolutionists’ terms,
J. Creation 13( 2): 10–12, 1999; creation.com/
40. Grigg, R., Missing the mark: How a missionary
family gave rise to the top name in ‘apeman’
research (Louis Leakey)! Creation 26( 3): 24–27,
41. See Bell, P., Homo habilis hacked from
the family tree: New hominid fossils have
‘completely changed the story’ of human
evolution; creation.com/habilis, 2007.
42. Line, P., Fossil evidence for alleged apemen—
part 1: the genus Homo, J. Creation 19( 1): 22–32,
43. Darwin, C., On the Origin of Species, p. 82, 1st
44. This quotation can be found in various forms
online, but is generally assumed to be from
45. Sarfati, J.D., Loving God with all your mind:
logic and creation, J. Creation 12( 2):142–151,
46. Vardiman, L., Snelling, A., and Chaffin, E.,
Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth, vol. II,
Institute for Creation Research, CA, 2005. See
ch. 8 by John Baumgardner, “14C evidence for a
recent global flood and a young earth”.
47. Sarfati, J., Diamonds: a creationist’s best friend,
Radiocarbon in diamonds: enemy of billions of
years, Creation 28( 4): 26–27, 2006; creation.
48.Smith, C., Dinosaur soft tissue: In
seeming desperation, evolutionists turn
to iron to preserve the idea of millions of
28 Jan 2014.
49. Anderson, K., Echoes of the Jurassic, CRS
Books, Chino Valley, CA, 2016; see creation.
50. See Sanford, J., Critic ignores reality of Genetic
Entropy: The author of a landmark book on
genomic decay responds to unsustainable
criticisms, creation.com/genetic-entropy, 7 Mar
51. Tomkins, J. and Bergman, J., Genomic monkey
business—estimates of nearly identical
human–chimp DNA similarity re-evaluated
using omitted data, J. Creation 26( 1):
94–100, 2012; creation.com/chimp.
52. Hughes, J.F. et al., Chimpanzee and human
Y chromosomes are remarkably divergent
in structure and gene content, Nature 463:
53. Carter, R. W., The chimpanzee Y chromosome is
radically different from human, creation.com/
chimp-y-chromosome, 16 December 2010.
54. Sanford, J.C. and Nelson, C.W., The next
step in understanding population dynamics:
comprehensive numerical simulation; in: Fusté,
M.C. (Ed.), Studies in Population Genetics,
InTech, pp. 117–136; intechopen.com/books/
55. ReMine, W.J., Cost theory and the cost of
substitution—a clarification, J. Creation
19( 1): 113–125, 2005; creation.com/cost.
56. Rupe, C. and Sanford, J.C., Using Numerical
Simulation to Better Understand Fixation
Rates, and Establishment of a New Principle:
Haldane’s Ratchet; in: Horstemeyer, M. (Ed.),
Proc. Seventh Int. Conf. Creationism , Creation
Science Fellowship, Pittsburgh, PA, 2013.
57. Batten, D., Clarity and confusion, A review
of The Edge of Evolution: The search for
the limits of Darwinism by Michael J. Behe,
J. Creation 22( 1): 28–33, 2008; creation.com/
58. Luskin, C., Intelligent Design and the Origin of
Biological Information: A Response to Dennis
Venema, Evolution News & Views, 3 Oct 2011.
59. Nelson, C.W. and Sanford, J.C., The effects
of low-impact mutations in digital organisms,
Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling 8: 9,
18 April 2011.
60. Carter, R. W. and Powell, M., The genetic effects
of the population bottleneck associated with the
Genesis Flood, J. Creation 30( 2): 102–111, 2016.
61. Carter, R. W., The non-mythical Adam and Eve!
Refuting errors by Francis Collins and BioLogos,
creation.com/biologos-adam, 20 Aug 2011.
62. Halley, K., John Walton reimagines Adam and
Eve, J. Creation 29( 2): 47–51, 2015.
63. Smith, C., The Sin of Certainty—A book review:
Telling Christians you can’t trust the Bible (but
you should trust God anyway), creation.com/
sin-certainty, 14 June 2016.
64. Turner, R., Where did Paul get his authority?
65. For a far superior discussion, see Cosner, L.,
Romans 5:12–21: Paul’s view of a literal Adam,
J. Creation 22( 2): 105–107, 2008; creation.com/
66. Smith, H.B., Cosmic and universal death from
Adam’s Fall: An exegesis of Romans 8:19–23a,
J. Creation 21( 1): 75–85, 2007; creation.com/
67. Cosner, L., Evolutionary syncretism: a critique
of BioLogos, creation.com/biologos, 7 Sep 2010.