that these structures did not evolve from each other but
rather cameinto being separately by special creation. Also,
some of the ribosomes in prokaryotes are missing from the
mitochondria and chloroplasts of eukaryotes. Novel proteins
have been found. This is taken to highlight their independent
creation. The existence and distribution of RPs does not
make sense, except in the light of creation.
Materials and methods
Figures 2 and 3 were drawn in Excel. Figure 4 was
made using the RiboVision software (Bernier et al. 61).
Figure 5 was made using the Venn diagram software at
bioinformatics.psb.ugent.be/webtools/Venn/. The multiple
alignment of all 80 eukaryotic RPs were downloaded from
the Ribosomal Protein Gene Database at ribosome.med.
miyazaki-u.ac.jp/. A perl script was used to calculate the
degree of conservation in each of the proteins. A position
in the multiple alignment was taken to be conserved if
any given amino acid was present in at least 80% of the
sequences. Only those positions were counted where at
least 90% of the characters were not a gap character (“-”).
The data for table 1 was taken from Narla et al. 32 and
Wang et al. 33 Deletion information was taken from the
Saccharomyces Genome Database36. Ribosomal protein
annotation for Chlamydomonas reinhardtii was taken in
part from the Joint Genome Institute (JGI) at genome.jgi.
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