What was ‘growth’ for humans was
experienced by many other species as
a decline in available land, food, and
habitat. Human activity also began
to destabilize nonliving geological
and meteorological systems, such as
the movement of water and patterns
of climate change or the ancient
biochemical cycles of carbon and
nitrogen. Can humans keep extracting
more and more resources from the
biosphere? Or is growth beginning to
threaten the ecological foundations
on which modern societies depend?”
This is typical of the modern antihuman, ‘equal consideration’ ecological ethics espoused by Peter Singer.
Humans are supposedly a parasite
consuming the world’s resources and
destroying the planet in the process. In
reality, there is still plenty of available
land, modern technology has improved
water quality and prevented damaging
floods, and the planet is not burning up.
Nevertheless, the authors’ catastrophic view of climate change shines
through, claiming that “[w]ithin
a few decades many of the world’s
great aquifers will dry up…” (p.
284) and “we are now beginning to
transform the atmosphere in ways that
are likely to have a profound impact
on global climates and ocean levels
in the next century” (pp. 284–285).
Climate change alarmists such as Tim
Flannery have been saying as much for
years yet none of their dire predictions
have come even remotely true.
In fact, there is a real deep green
Gaia streak in this book. The authors
“... we cannot regard the biosphere
as a passive object: it is, rather, a
complex, evolving super organism
that will react to the actions of
humans in ways that may not
always please us. It will, to put it
anthropomorphically, defend itself
against us if that is necessary”
Regarding population growth, the
authors claim that the human footprint
likely surpassed Earth’s carrying
capacity some years ago. So what do
they propose? A global reduction in
standard of living? A rationing of food
and medicine? Culling by means of
forced abortion and euthanasia?
Unsurprisingly, the authors speak
favourably of all the standard Green
Left policies including doing some-
thing about climate change, slowing
population growth, reducing CO2
emissions, taxing fossil fuels, estab-
lishing green belts and animal
migration corridors, reducing consum-
ption, and having fewer children.
There is also some sci-fi dreaming
about humans using terraforming on
planets such as Mars in order to set
up habitable human colonies. They
“... isolated populations of humans
will almost certainly evolve and
change in different star systems.
Eventually, our species will divide
into numerous subspecies… . That
piece of speculation is a reminder
that our species, like all others,
evolves. Whether or not we start
steering our evolution through
genetic manipulation, we will
change, and there will eventually
come a point where it will no longer
be clear…whether our descendants
count as humans or not” (p. 302).
This book is ultimately a new
secular and materialistic origin story
intended to replace religious origin
stories—especially the biblical
It seeks to present Darwinism
and social evolution as verified and
hard scientific fact supported by a
conclusive array of incontrovertible
evidence. But because this is meant to
be a history book, none of the actual
science is explained or justified.
There are no detailed footnotes to
academic works, although there are
a few reference works listed in a
further reading section at the end of
each chapter. The text simply tells the
currently accepted materialistic and
naturalistic story of the beginnings of
the universe in narrative prose as if it
was unquestionably true. The words
‘emerge’ and ‘emergent properties’
permeate the whole book. What does
this actually mean? Where do things
emerge from? What caused them to
emerge? The authors never say.
Moreover, there is no mention
of the implicit racism in Darwin’s
theories and writings.
This book is not a true work of
history. It is merely a propaganda
tool for the indoctrination of students
with a materialist and, indeed,
Marxist, worldview. Students who
want serious, well-researched and
documented works of history, should
consult the book of Genesis, Geoffrey
Blainey’s A Short History of the
World8, any work by Rodney Stark9
and Thomas Sowell’s Conquests and
Cultures, Wealth, Poverty and Politics,
Migrations and Cultures.
1. See Wells, J., Icons of Evolution: Science or
Myth?, Regnery, Washington, DC, pp. 29–58,
2. See van Niekerk, E., Countering revisionism—
part 1: Ernst Haeckel, fraud is proven,
25( 3): 89–95, 2011; and Wells, ref.
1, pp. 81–110.
3. See Kitchen, K.A., On the Reliability of the Old
Testament, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, MI, 2003.
4. See Sowell, T., Wealth, Poverty and Politics: An
international perspective, Basic Books, New
5. Stark R., How the West Won: The Neglected
Story of the Triumph of Modernity, ISI Books,
Wilmington, DE, 2014.
6. See Thomas, H., The Slave Trade: The story of
the Atlantic slave trade 1440–1870, Touchstone,
New York, 1997.
7. Rummel, R.J., Death by Government,
Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, NJ,
8. Apart from the first few paragraphs, which
assume an evolutionary origin of human beings,
this work is an outstanding summary of world
9. See especially The Rise of Christianity, The
Triumph of Christianity, The Victory of Reason,
and How the West Won.