above. Finally, two
BC date estimates for the Flood, include
a Masoretic placement between 2518 and 2532
BC, and a
Septuagint placement circa 3168
1. Morris, J., Can the Ussher Chronology Be Trusted? Acts & Facts
32( 12), 2003;
2. Morris, H. and Whitcomb, J. The Genesis Flood, Presbyterian and Reformed,
Phillipsburg, NJ, pp. 474–481, 1961.
3. McGee, D., Creation Date of Adam from the Perspective of Young-Earth
Creationism, Answers Research J. 2012:217–230; answersingenesis.org/
4. Genesis 5: 25–27.
5. Hardy, C. and Carter, R., The biblical minimum and maximum age of the
earth, J. Creation, 28: 89–96, 2014; creation.com/images/pdfs/tj/j28_2/
j28_ 2_ 89-96.pdf.
6. Morris and Whitcomb, ref. 1, p. 474.
7. Tyler, D.J., Radiocarbon calibration—revised, Creation Research Society
Quarterly 15: 16–23.
8. Morris, H., The Genesis Record, Baker, Grand Rapids, MI, p. 154, 1976.
9. Sarfati, J., The Genesis Account, Creation Book Publishers, Powder Springs,
GA, p. 467, 2015.
10. Johnson, J.J.S. and Ice, T., Using Scriptural Data to Calculate a Range-Qualified Chronology from Adam to Abraham, Presented at the Southwest
Regional Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society at The Criswell
College in Dallas, Texas, on 1 March 2002; icr.org/article/4639.
11. Johnson reckoned that the 70 years from Genesis 11 until Terah became a
father counted the time until Terah fathered Abram (ref. 10), whereas Sarfati
calculated 130 years from Terah’s birth to fathering Abram, using Genesis
12: 4 (ref. 9).
12. Beechick, R., Chronology for Everybody, J. Creation 15: 68, 2001; creation.
com/images/pdfs/tj/j15_3/j15_ 3_ 67-73.pdf.
13. Finegan, J., Handbook of Biblical Chronology, revised edn, Hendrickson
Publishers, Peabody, MA, p. 256, 1998.
14. Thiele, E., The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings: New Revised
Edition, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI, 1994. Originally Theile, E.,
The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings, Macmillan, Ne w York, 1951.
15. Morris and Whitcomb, ref. 2, p. 478.
16. McFall, L.A., Translation Guide to the Chronological Data in Kings and
Chronicles, Bibliotheca Sacra 148: 3–45, 1991.
17. Young, R., Three Verifications of Thiele’s Date for the Beginning of the
Divided Kingdom, Andrews University Seminary Studies 45:179–187, 2007.
18. Rodger Young’s Papers on Chronology, rcyoung.org/papers.html, accessed
4 February 2016.
19. Young, R., Tables of reign lengths from the Hebrew court recorders, J.
Theological Evangelical Society 48:225–248, 2005.
20. Steinmann, A.E., From Abraham to Paul, Concordia, Saint Louis, MO, p.
21. Kitchen, K., How we know when Solomon ruled, Biblical Archaeology Review
Sep/Oct 2001, pp. 32–37, 58.
22. Young, R.C., Evidence for inerrancy from an unexpected source: OT
chronology, Bible and Spade 21:Spring 2008; biblearchaeology.org/
23. Steinmann, ref. 20, p. 55.
24. Wood, B., The search for Joshua’s Ai; in: Hess, Klingbeil and Ray (Eds.),
Critical Issues in Early Israelite History [Bulletin of Biblical Research
Supplement 3], Eisenbrauns, pp. 205–240, 2008; biblearchaeology.org/file.
25. Steinmann, ref. 20, p. 48.
26. Steinmann, ref. 20, p. 51.
27. Young, R., The Talmud’s two jubilees and their relevance to the date of the
Exodus, Westminster Theological J. 68: 71–83, 2006.
28. Steinmann, A.E., Charts of Old Testament and Intertestamental Chronology
based on From Abraham to Paul, 2010, cph.org/pdf/Helps/531185_
OTChronology.pdf, accessed 11 February 2016.
29. Stewart, B., True Bible Chronology, Routledge & Sons, London, UK, p. 27,
30. Akers, P., Introduction to Biblical Chronology: From Adam to the Resurrection
of Christ, Methodist Book Concern, Cincinnati, OH, p. 284, 1856.
31. Akers, ref. 30, p. 69.
32. Olaussen, V.K., How convincing are the arguments for a new Egyptian
chronology? J. Creation, 23: 56–61, 2009; creation.com/images/pdfs/tj/j23_1/
j23_ 1_ 56-61.pdf.
33. Mackey, D., Fall of the Sothic theory: Egyptian chronology revisited,
J. Creation 17: 70–73, 2003; creation.com/fall-of-the-sothic-theory-egyptian-chronology-revisited.
34. Faulkner, D. R., Comments on Ussher’s date of creation, Answers Research J. 9:
35. Cooper, B., The Authenticity of the Book of Genesis, Creation Science
Movement, Portsmouth, UK, 2012.
36. Sarfati, J., Biblical chronogenealogies, J. Creation 17: 14–18, 2003; creation.
37. Sexton, J. and Smith, H.B., Primeval chronology restored: revisiting the
genealogies of Genesis 5 and 11, Bible and Spade 29: 42–49, 2016.
38. Austin, S.A., Jerusalem earthquake of 33 ad: evidence within laminated mud
of the Dead Sea, Israel, Presented at the 2012 Geological Society of America
Annual Meeting, GSA Abstracts with Programs 44:559; gsa.confex.com/
39. Austin, S. A., Greatest earthquakes of the Bible, Acts & Facts 39: 12–15, 2010;
40. Petrovich, D., personal communication, 8 December 2016.
41. Sanford, J., Did Noah Live to 950 Years Old? Encouragement for Believers—
Science Update, FMS Foundation, 2016; logosra.org/genetic-entropy.
Brian Thomas earned a Masters degree in biotechnology
in 1999 from Stephen F. Austin State University in
Texas. He taught biology and chemistry as an adjunct
professor, then later as an assistant professor at
Dallas area universities. Since 2008 he has contributed
hundreds of online science news and magazine articles
as the Science Writer at the Institute for Creation